NCI ID NCI-2020-05659
NCT ID NCT04858334
CTEP ID EA2192
Primary Purpose TREATMENT
Anatomic Sites Pancreas
Minimum Age 18 Years
Maximum Age 999 Years
Gender BOTH
Lead Org ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
Principal Investigator Kim Anna Reiss Binder
NCI Site View on ClinicalTrials.gov

APOLLO: A Randomized Phase II Double-Blind Study of Olaparib versus Placebo Following Curative Intent Therapy in Patients with Resected Pancreatic Cancer and a Pathogenic BRCA1, BRCA2 or PALB2 Mutation

This phase II trial investigates how well the addition of olaparib following completion of surgery and chemotherapy works in treating patients with pancreatic cancer that has been surgically removed (resected) and has a pathogenic mutation in BRCA1, BRCA2, or PALB2. Olaparib is an inhibitor of PARP, an enzyme that helps repair deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) when it becomes damaged. Blocking PARP may help keep tumor cells from repairing their damaged DNA, causing them to die. PARP inhibitors are a type of targeted therapy.

Eligibility

Inclusion Criterea

  • STEP 0 (PRE-REGISTRATION) INCLUSION CRITERIA
  • Patient must be >= 18 years of age on day of consent
  • Patient must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2
  • Patient must have a diagnosis of pancreatic cancer and have successfully undergone a curative intent surgical resection and must have no evidence of recurrent disease as determined by the investigator * NOTE: This includes patients with adenocarcinoma, acinar carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma adenosquamous and variants thereof. Patients with neuroendocrine tumors are excluded from enrolling
  • Patient must (1) be planning to receive, (2) be receiving or (3) have received at least three combined months (i.e., 12 weeks) of perioperative (neoadjuvant, adjuvant or a combination of both) systemic, multi-agent chemotherapy. Patients may have had up to 6 months of perioperative systemic therapy as deemed appropriate by their primary treating medical team (patients can have received radiation or chemoradiation in addition to this 6 month course)
  • Patient must be no more than 12 weeks from their most recent treatment (this may be chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery)
  • Patient must have a known pathogenic or likely pathogenic germline or somatic mutation in BRCA1, BRCA2, or PALB2, as determined by a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) certified or equivalently-accredited laboratory. Mutations must be considered pathogenic or likely pathogenic by a reference database such as ClinVar or OncoKb.org
  • STEP 1 (RANDOMIZATION) INCLUSION CRITERIA
  • Patient must have met the eligibility criteria outlined above
  • Patient must have undergone at least 3 combined months (i.e., 12 weeks) of perioperative (neoadjuvant, adjuvant or a combination of both) systemic, multi-agent chemotherapy. Patients may have had up to 6 months of perioperative systemic therapy as deemed appropriate by their primary treating medical team (patients can have received radiation or chemoradiation in addition to this 6 months course)
  • Central expert reviewer must have determined the patient eligible for randomization after review of local genetic testing reports
  • If mutation in BRCA1, BRCA2 or PALB2 was identified in tumor tissue and the patient has not previously undergone germline testing, the patient must agree to undergo germline testing
  • Patient must not have previously had evidence of progressive pancreatic cancer while receiving platinum-based therapy
  • Patient must be >= 21 days (three weeks) from their last treatment (including chemotherapy radiotherapy or surgery) but =< 84 days (twelve weeks) from their last treatment at the time of Step 1 randomization. Patients who have received neoadjuvant and/or adjuvant radiotherapy are eligible
  • Patient must have recovered from any adverse events due to prior anti-cancer therapy (i.e., have no residual toxicities > grade 1 with the exception of alopecia and/or neuropathy)
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL (obtained =< 28 days prior to Step 1 randomization)
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL (obtained =< 28 days prior to Step 1 randomization)
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL (obtained =< 28 days prior to Step 1 randomization)
  • Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL with no blood transfusion in the past 28 days (obtained =< 28 days prior to Step 1 randomization)
  • Total bilirubin =< institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) except in patients with Gilbert’s syndrome. Patients with Gilbert’s syndrome may enroll if direct bilirubin =< 2.5 ULN of the direct bilirubin (obtained =< 28 days prior to Step 1 randomization)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 institutional ULN (obtained =< 28 days prior to Step 1 randomization)
  • Creatinine =< institutional ULN OR calculated Cockcroft Gault creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min/1.73 m^2 unless data exists supporting safe use at lower kidney function values, no lower than 30 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (obtained =< 28 days prior to Step 1 randomization)
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial
  • For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated
  • Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load
  • Patient must have the ability to understand the willingness to sign a written informed consent document, or have legally authorized representative provide authorization to participate

Exclusion Criterea

  • STEP 1 (RANDOMIZATION) EXCLUSION CRITERIA
  • Patient must have no evidence of recurrent or metastatic pancreatic cancer at the time of randomization as documented by baseline scans obtained =< 4 weeks prior to Step 1 randomization
  • Patient must not be receiving any other investigational agents at the time of Step 1 randomization and while on protocol treatment
  • Patient must not have any history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to olaparib
  • Patient must not have any personal history of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Patients with myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukemia or with features suggestive of MDS/AML.
  • Patient must not have any uncontrolled gastrointestinal disorder that would, in the opinion of the investigator, interfere with the ingestion or absorption of olaparib
  • Patient must not be pregnant or breast-feeding due the potential harm to an unborn fetus and possible risk for adverse events in nursing infants with the treatment regimens being used. All patients of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 14 days prior to Step 1 randomization to rule out pregnancy. A patient of childbearing potential is defined as anyone, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has achieved menarche at some point, 2) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 3) has not been naturally postmenopausal (amenorrhea following cancer therapy does not rule out childbearing potential) for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)
  • Patients must not expect to conceive or father children by using accepted and effective method(s) of contraception or by abstaining from sexual intercourse for the duration of their participation in the study and for 6 months after the last dose of protocol treatment for female patients and for 3 months after the last dose of protocol treatment for male patients. Patients must also not donate sperm while on protocol treatment and for 3 months after the last dose of protocol treatment. Patients must also not breast-feed while on protocol treatment and for 1 month after the last dose of protocol treatment
  • Patient must not have resting electrocardiogram (ECG) indicating uncontrolled, potentially reversible cardiac conditions, as judged by the investigator (e.g. unstable ischemia, uncontrolled symptomatic arrhythmia, congestive heart failure, corrected QT (QTc) prolongation > 500 ms, electrolyte disturbances, etc.) or have congenital long QT syndrome
  • Concomitant use of known potent CYP3A4/5 inhibitors such as ketoconazole, itraconazole, ritonavir, indinavir, saquinavir, telithromycin, clarithromycin and nelfinavir is prohibited
  • Patients who are being actively treated for an ongoing concurrent malignancy are ineligible, with the exception of those receiving adjuvant hormone therapies and those receiving topical therapies for skin cancers
  • Patient must not have, in the opinion of the investigator, any other concurrent medical condition that would prevent the patient from complying with the study procedures
  • Patient must not be considered a poor medical risk due to a serious, uncontrolled medical disorder, non-malignant systemic disease or active, uncontrolled infection. Examples include, but are not limited to, uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmia, recent (within 3 months) myocardial infarction, uncontrolled major seizure disorder, unstable spinal cord compression, superior vena cava syndrome, extensive interstitial bilateral lung disease on high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan or any psychiatric disorder that prohibits obtaining informed consent
  • Patient must not have had major surgery within 2 weeks prior to randomization and patients must have recovered from any effects of any major surgery

Participating Clinics

Ann M Wierman MD LTD


3150 Tenaya Way
Suite 200 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Kingman Regional Medical Center


3269 Stockton Hill Road
Kingman, AZ 86401
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

PCR Oncology


584 Camino Mercado
Arroyo Grande, CA 93420
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center


3186 South Maryland Parkway
Las Vegas, NV 89109
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Renown Regional Medical Center


1155 Mill Street
Reno, NV 89502
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Saint Mary's Regional Medical Center


235 West Sixth Street
Reno, NV 89503
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

University Medical Center of Southern Nevada


1800 West Charleston Boulevard
Las Vegas, NV 89102
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada - Central Valley


3730 South Eastern Avenue
Las Vegas, NV 89169
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Cancer and Blood Specialists-Henderson


2460 West Horizon Ridge Parkway
Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Alliance for Childhood Diseases/Cure 4 the Kids Foundation


One Breakthrough Way
Las Vegas, NV 89135
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada


9280 West Sunset Road
Suite 100 Las Vegas, NV 89148
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Radiation Oncology Associates


6630 B South McCarran
Suite 18 Reno, NV 89509
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Radiation Oncology Centers of Nevada Central


624 South Tonopah Drive
Las Vegas, NV 89106
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada - Northwest


7445 Peak Drive
Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Carson Tahoe Regional Medical Center


1535 Medical Parkway
Pharmacy Suite C Carson City, NV 89703
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada - Henderson


10001 South Eastern Avenue
Suite 108 Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

GenesisCare USA - Las Vegas


3006 South Maryland Parkway
Suite 100 Las Vegas, NV 89109
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

GenesisCare USA - Henderson


52 North Pecos Road
Henderson, NV 89074
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Cancer Center-Henderson


2904 West Horizon Ridge Parkway
Suite 200 Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada-Southeast Henderson


1505 Wigwam Parkway
Suite 130 Henderson, NV 89074
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Cancer Center-Medical Center


6450 Medical Center Street
Las Vegas, NV 89148-2405
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Radiation Oncology Centers of Nevada Southeast


3980 South Eastern Avenue
Las Vegas, NV 89119
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

GenesisCare USA - Fort Apache


6160 South Fort Apache Road
Las Vegas, NV 89148
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

GenesisCare USA - Vegas Tenaya


2851 North Tenaya Way
Suite 100 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

OptumCare Cancer Care at Fort Apache


6190 South Fort Apache Road
Las Vegas, NV 89148
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada-Summerlin


655 North Town Center Drive
Las Vegas, NV 89144
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Summerlin Hospital Medical Center


657 Town Center Drive
Las Vegas, NV 89144
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada-Horizon Ridge


2460 West Horizon Ridge Parkway
Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

OptumCare Cancer Care at MountainView


3150 North Tenaya Way
Suite 510 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

University Cancer Center


3131 La Canada Street
Suite 231 Las Vegas, NV 89169
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Hope Cancer Care of Nevada


6827 West Tropicana Avenue
Suite 110 Las Vegas, NV 89103
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

OptumCare Cancer Care at Charleston


2300 West Charleston Boulevard
Las Vegas, NV 89102
Map

702-384-0013

Desert West Surgery


1111 Shadow Lane
Las Vegas, NV 89102
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Hope Cancer Care of Nevada-Pahrump


2340 East Calvada Boulevard
Suite 7 Pahrump, NV 89048
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

OptumCare Cancer Care at Seven Hills


3175 Saint Rose Parkway
Suite 200 Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada - Town Center


653 North Town Center Drive
Suite 402 Las Vegas, NV 89144
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Urology Specialists of Nevada - Southwest


8410 West Warm Springs Road
Suite 10 Las Vegas, NV 89113
Map


research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Urology - Sunset


7150 West Sunset Road
Suite 201A and 202B Las Vegas, NV 89113
Map


research@sncrf.org

Urology Specialists of Nevada - Northwest


3150 North Tenaya Way
Suite 165 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map


research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Urology - Pebble


8915 South Pecos Road
Suite 19A Henderson, NV 89074
Map


research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Prostate Cancer Center


7150 West Sunset Road
Suite 100 Las Vegas, NV 89113
Map


research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Urology - Pecos


9053 South Pecos Road
Suite 2900 Las Vegas, NV 89074
Map


research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Urology - Green Valley


1701 North Green Valley Parkway
Suite 10C Henderson, NV 89074
Map


research@sncrf.org

Urology Specialists of Nevada - Green Valley


58 North Pecos Road
Henderson, NV 89074
Map


research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Urology - Cathedral Rock


7200 Cathedral Rock Drive
Suites 180 and 210 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map


research@sncrf.org

Urology Specialists of Nevada - Central


2010 Wellness Way
Suite 200 Las Vegas, NV 89106
Map


research@sncrf.org

Valley Medical Center


400 South 43rd Street
Renton, WA 98055
Map

425-228-3440
research@valleymed.org