NCI ID NCI-2019-00179
NCT ID NCT03811015
CTEP ID EA3161
Primary Purpose TREATMENT
Anatomic Sites Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx
Minimum Age 18 Years
Maximum Age 999 Years
Gender BOTH
Lead Org ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
Principal Investigator Nabil F. Saba
NCI Site View on ClinicalTrials.gov

Testing Immunotherapy versus Observation in Patients with HPV Throat Cancer

This phase III trials studies whether maintenance immunotherapy (nivolumab) following definitive treatment with radiation and chemotherapy (cisplatin) result in significant improvement in overall survival (time being alive) and progression-free survival (time being alive without cancer) for patients with intermediate risk human papillomavirus (HPV) positive oropharynx cancer (throat cancer) that has spread to nearby tissue or lymph nodes. Drugs used in chemotherapy such as cisplatin work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high energy rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. It is not yet known whether chemotherapy and radiation therapy followed by maintenance nivolumab therapy works better than chemotherapy and radiation therapy alone in treating patients with HPV positive oropharyngeal cancer.

Eligibility

Inclusion Criterea

  • STEP 1: Age >= 18 years
  • STEP 1: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1.
  • STEP 1: Patients must have oropharynx cancer (American Joint Committee on Cancer [AJCC] 8) that is p16-positive by immunohistochemistry OR p16 equivocal by IHC and HPV positive by in situ hybridization with the following criteria: >= 10 pack-years, stage T1-2N2-N3 or T3-4N0-3 (less than 10 pack-years is considered a non-smoker) OR < 10 pack-years, stage T4N0-N3 or T1-3N2-3
  • STEP 1: Patients must not have known hypersensitivity to nivolumab or compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition.
  • STEP 1: Patients with a history of allergic reactions attributed to platinum-based chemotherapy agents are excluded.
  • STEP 1: Patients must not have had prior systemic therapy, radiation treatment or surgery for p16 positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). * NOTE: Patients who had resection of T1 or T2 carcinoma with no radiation or chemotherapy are eligible if surgery was done 5 years prior to enrollment
  • STEP 1: Patients must not have received previous irradiation for head and neck tumor, skull base, or brain tumors.
  • STEP 1: Patients must not receive investigational agents within 4 weeks of enrollment or at any time while on study.
  • STEP 1: Patients with evidence of distant metastases or leptomeningeal disease (LMD) are excluded.
  • STEP 1: Patients with uncontrolled inter-current illnesses which in the opinion of the investigator will interfere with the ability to undergo therapy including chemotherapy are excluded.
  • STEP 1: Patients with a history of prior or second malignancy are excluded, with the exception of curatively treated non-melanoma skin cancer, or curatively treated cervical cancer; additionally, patients curatively treated for malignancy who remain disease-free at > 2 years of follow up, are not excluded.
  • STEP 1: Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3 (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to randomization).
  • STEP 1: Hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 8.0 g/dL (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to randomization).
  • STEP 1: Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to randomization).
  • STEP 1: Creatinine clearance of >= 60 ml/min (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to randomization). Creatinine clearance may be measured or calculated. If calculating, creatinine clearance, use the Cockcroft-Gault formula.
  • STEP 1: Total bilirubin within 1.5 times the normal limits (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to randomization).
  • STEP 1: Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) or serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) within 2.0 times the normal limits (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to randomization).
  • STEP 1: Alkaline phosphatase within 2.0 times the normal limits (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to randomization).
  • STEP 1: Patients must not be pregnant or breast-feeding as chemotherapy, radiation, and immunotherapy may have possible teratogenicity effects; in addition, complications from pregnancy may interfere with the ability of patients to have an uninterrupted therapy. All patients of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 2 weeks prior to randomization to rule out pregnancy. A patient of childbearing potential is any female, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has achieved menarche at some point, 2) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy or 3) has not been naturally postmenopausal (amenorrhea following cancer therapy does not rule out childbearing potential) for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months).
  • STEP 1: Patients of childbearing potential must use an accepted and effective method of contraception or abstain from sexual intercourse for at least one week prior to the start of treatment, and continue for 5 months after the last dose of protocol treatment. Patients must also not donate ova during this same time period.
  • STEP 1: Patients must have measurable disease
  • STEP 1: Patients must have tumor measurements with CT of neck and CT of chest (or CT of neck and FDG PET/CT if standard of care) within 4 weeks prior to Step 1 randomization.
  • STEP 1: Patients with active autoimmune disease or history of autoimmune disease that might recur, which may affect vital organ function or require immune suppressive treatment including systemic corticosteroids, should be excluded. These include but are not limited to patients with a history of immune related neurologic disease, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune (demyelinating) neuropathy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, myasthenia gravis; systemic autoimmune disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), connective tissue disease, scleroderma, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn’s, ulcerative colitis, hepatitis; and patients with a history of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), Stevens-Johnson syndrome, or phospholipid syndrome should be excluded because of the risk of recurrence or exacerbation of disease. Patients with vitiligo, endocrine deficiencies including thyroiditis managed with replacement hormones including physiologic corticosteroids are eligible. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other arthropathies, Sjogren’s syndrome and psoriasis controlled with topical medication and patients with positive serology, such as antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-thyroid antibodies should be evaluated for the presence of target organ involvement and potential need for systemic treatment but should otherwise be eligible.
  • STEP 1: Patients are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger (precipitating event).
  • STEP 1: Patients must not have a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications which are expected to continue during nivolumab administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease
  • STEP 1: Patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated
  • STEP 1: Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load
  • STEP 1: Patients with a known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) must have no detectable viral load on a stable antiviral regimen
  • STEP 1: Patients must not be receiving any other investigational agents.
  • STEP 1: Patient must not have a baseline clinically significant hearing loss, which in the opinion of the investigator would preclude the use of cisplatin
  • STEP 2: Patients must have progression per RECIST criteria AND tissue-proven progression on Arm B treatment within 12 months after completion of radiation therapy.
  • STEP 2: ECOG performance status of 0 or 1.
  • STEP 2: Patients must not have known hypersensitivity to nivolumab or compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition.
  • STEP 2: Patients must not have received non-protocol anti-cancer therapy after completion of radiation and chemotherapy.
  • STEP 2: ANC >= 1500/mm^3 (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to registration).
  • STEP 2: Hgb >= 8.0 g/dL (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to registration).
  • STEP 2: Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to registration).
  • STEP 2: Creatinine within institutional limits of normal (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to registration)
  • STEP 2: Total bilirubin within 1.5 times the normal limits (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to registration).
  • STEP 2: SGOT (AST) or SGPT (ALT) within 2.0 times the normal limits (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to registration).
  • STEP 2: Alkaline phosphatase within 1.5 times the normal limits (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to registration).
  • STEP 2: Patients must not be pregnant or breast-feeding as chemotherapy, radiation, and immunotherapy may have possible teratogenicity effects; in addition, complications from pregnancy may interfere with the ability of patients to have an uninterrupted therapy. All women of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 2 weeks prior to registration to rule out pregnancy. A women of childbearing potential is any female, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has achieved menarche at some point, 2) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy or 3) has not been naturally postmenopausal (amenorrhea following cancer therapy does not rule out childbearing potential) for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months).
  • STEP 2: Patients of childbearing potential must use an accepted and effective method of contraception or abstain from sexual intercourse for at least one week prior to the start of treatment, and continue for 5 months after the last dose of protocol treatment. Patients must also not donate ova during this same time period.
  • STEP 2: Patients must have measurable disease at the time of documented progression * NOTE: For patients that have undergone salvage surgery for disease recurrence, measurable disease is not required at the time of registration to Step 2
  • STEP 2: Patients must have tumor measurements with CT of neck and CT of chest (or CT of neck and FDG PET/CT if standard of care) within 4 weeks prior to Step 2 registration * NOTE: Patients that have undergone salvage surgery for disease recurrence prior to Step 2 are not required to have measurable disease post-resection, but must have CT of neck and CT of chest (or CT of neck and FDG PET/CT if standard of care) after salvage surgery and within 4 weeks prior to step 2 registration to establish a baseline prior to nivolumab

Exclusion Criterea


Participating Clinics

North Star Lodge Cancer Center at Yakima Valley Memorial Hospital


808 North 39th Avenue
Yakima, WA 98902
Map

509-574-3535
Memorial-ClinicalTrials@yvmh.org

GenesisCare USA - Las Vegas


3006 South Maryland Parkway
Suite 100 Las Vegas, NV 89109
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center


3186 South Maryland Parkway
Las Vegas, NV 89109
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Renown Regional Medical Center


1155 Mill Street
Reno, NV 89502
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Saint Mary's Regional Medical Center


235 West Sixth Street
Reno, NV 89503
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

University Medical Center of Southern Nevada


1800 West Charleston Boulevard
Las Vegas, NV 89102
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

HealthCare Partners Medical Group Oncology/Hematology-Maryland Parkway


3006 South Maryland Parkway
Suite 205 Las Vegas, NV 89109
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada - Central Valley


3730 South Eastern Avenue
Las Vegas, NV 89169
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Cancer and Blood Specialists-Henderson


2460 West Horizon Ridge Parkway
Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Alliance for Childhood Diseases/Cure 4 the Kids Foundation


One Breakthrough Way
Las Vegas, NV 89135
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada


9280 West Sunset Road
Suite 100 Las Vegas, NV 89148
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Radiation Oncology Associates


6630 B South McCarran
Suite 18 Reno, NV 89509
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Radiation Oncology Centers of Nevada Central


624 South Tonopah Drive
Las Vegas, NV 89106
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada - Northwest


7445 Peak Drive
Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Carson Tahoe Regional Medical Center


1535 Medical Parkway
Pharmacy Suite C Carson City, NV 89703
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada - Henderson


10001 South Eastern Avenue
Suite 108 Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

HealthCare Partners Medical Group Oncology/Hematology-Tenaya


2851 North Tenaya Way
Suite 101 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

GenesisCare USA - Henderson


52 North Pecos Road
Henderson, NV 89074
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Cancer Center-Henderson


2904 West Horizon Ridge Parkway
Suite 200 Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada-Southeast Henderson


1505 Wigwam Parkway
Suite 130 Henderson, NV 89074
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Cancer Center-Medical Center


6450 Medical Center Street
Las Vegas, NV 89148-2405
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Radiation Oncology Centers of Nevada Southeast


3980 South Eastern Avenue
Las Vegas, NV 89119
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

GenesisCare USA - Fort Apache


6160 South Fort Apache Road
Las Vegas, NV 89148
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

GenesisCare USA - Vegas Tenaya


2851 North Tenaya Way
Suite 100 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Cancer and Blood Specialists-Shadow


701 Shadow Lane
Suite 300 Las Vegas, NV 89106
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

OptumCare Cancer Care at Fort Apache


6190 South Fort Apache Road
Las Vegas, NV 89148
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

HealthCare Partners Medical Group Oncology/Hematology-San Martin


8285 West Arby Avenue
Suite 100 Las Vegas, NV 89113
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

HealthCare Partners Medical Group Oncology/Hematology-Centennial Hills


6850 North Durango Drive
Suite 120 Las Vegas, NV 89149
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada-Summerlin


655 North Town Center Drive
Las Vegas, NV 89144
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Summerlin Hospital Medical Center


657 Town Center Drive
Las Vegas, NV 89144
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Cancer and Blood Specialists-Tenaya


3150 North Tenaya Way
Suite 430 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Ann M Wierman MD LTD


3150 Tenaya Way
Suite 200 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada-Horizon Ridge


2460 West Horizon Ridge Parkway
Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

OptumCare Cancer Care at MountainView


3150 North Tenaya Way
Suite 510 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

University Cancer Center


3131 La Canada Street
Suite 231 Las Vegas, NV 89169
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Hope Cancer Care of Nevada


6827 West Tropicana Avenue
Suite 110 Las Vegas, NV 89103
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

OptumCare Cancer Care at Charleston


2300 West Charleston Boulevard
Las Vegas, NV 89102
Map

702-384-0013

Desert West Surgery


1111 Shadow Lane
Las Vegas, NV 89102
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Hope Cancer Care of Nevada-Pahrump


2340 East Calvada Boulevard
Suite 7 Pahrump, NV 89048
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

OptumCare Cancer Care at Seven Hills


3175 Saint Rose Parkway
Suite 200 Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada - Town Center


653 North Town Center Drive
Suite 402 Las Vegas, NV 89144
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

PCR Oncology


584 Camino Mercado
Arroyo Grande, CA 93420
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Kingman Regional Medical Center


3269 Stockton Hill Road
Kingman, AZ 86401
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Urology - Cathedral Rock


7200 Cathedral Rock Drive
Suites 180 and 210 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map


research@sncrf.org

Urology Specialists of Nevada - Central


2010 Wellness Way
Suite 200 Las Vegas, NV 89106
Map


research@sncrf.org

Urology Specialists of Nevada - Southwest


8410 West Warm Springs Road
Suite 10 Las Vegas, NV 89113
Map


research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Urology - Pecos


9053 South Pecos Road
Suite 2900 Las Vegas, NV 89074
Map


research@sncrf.org

Urology Specialists of Nevada - Northwest


3150 North Tenaya Way
Suite 165 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map


research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Prostate Cancer Center


7150 West Sunset Road
Suite 100 Las Vegas, NV 89113
Map


research@sncrf.org

Urology Specialists of Nevada - Green Valley


58 North Pecos Road
Henderson, NV 89074
Map


research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Urology - Sunset


7150 West Sunset Road
Suite 201A and 202B Las Vegas, NV 89113
Map


research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Urology - Pebble


8915 South Pecos Road
Suite 19A Henderson, NV 89074
Map


research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Urology - Green Valley


1701 North Green Valley Parkway
Suite 10C Henderson, NV 89074
Map


research@sncrf.org

Valley Medical Center


400 South 43rd Street
Renton, WA 98055
Map

425-228-3440
research@valleymed.org