NCI ID NCI-2017-02297
NCT ID NCT03375320
CTEP ID A021602
Primary Purpose TREATMENT
Anatomic Sites Multiple
Minimum Age 18 Years
Maximum Age 999 Years
Gender BOTH
Lead Org Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Principal Investigator Jennifer Ang Chan
NCI Site View on ClinicalTrials.gov

Testing Cabozantinib in Patients with Advanced Pancreatic Neuroendocrine and Carcinoid Tumors

This phase III trial studies cabozantinib to see how well it works compared with placebo in treating patients with neuroendocrine or carcinoid tumors that may have spread from where it first started to nearby tissue, lymph nodes, or distant parts of the body (advanced). Cabozantinib is a chemotherapy drug known as a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, and it targets specific tyrosine kinase receptors, that when blocked, may slow tumor growth.

Eligibility

Inclusion Criterea

  • Documentation of Disease: * Histologic Documentation: Well- or moderately-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors of pancreatic and non-pancreatic (i.e. carcinoid) origin by local pathology ** The pathology report must state ONE of the following: 1) well- or moderately-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor, 2) low- or intermediate-grade neuroendocrine tumor, or 3) carcinoid tumor or atypical carcinoid tumor; documentation of histology from a primary or metastatic site is allowed ** Patients with poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma, high-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma without specification of differentiation status, adenocarcinoid tumor, or goblet cell carcinoid tumor are not eligible. Patients with well-differentiated grade 3 neuroendocrine tumor are eligible * Stage: Locally advanced/unresectable or metastatic disease * Tumor Site: Histological documentation of neuroendocrine tumor of pancreatic, gastrointestinal (GI), lung, thymus, other, or unknown primary site; GI, lung, thymus, other, and unknown primary NETs will enroll in the carcinoid tumor cohort of the study ** Functional (i.e., associated with symptoms or clinical syndrome related to hormone secretion by tumor) or nonfunctional tumors are allowed * Radiologic Evaluation: Target lesions must have shown evidence of disease progression by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version (v)1.1 criteria in the 12 months prior to registration; the radiologic images, imaging reports, and clinic notes indicating growth of existing lesions, development of new lesions, or treatment changes must be submitted
  • Measurable Disease * Patients must have measurable disease per RECIST 1.1 by computer tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) * Lesions must be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >= 1 cm with CT or MRI (or >= 1.5 cm for lymph nodes); non-measurable disease includes disease smaller than these dimensions or lesions considered truly non-measurable including: leptomeningeal disease, ascites, pleural or pericardial effusion, lymphangitic involvement of skin or lung
  • Prior Treatment * Patient must have experienced disease progression after receiving or intolerance leading to treatment discontinuation of at least one Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved line of therapy (except somatostatin analogs); prior lines of therapy must include one of the following: everolimus, sunitinib, or lutetium Lu 177 dotatate in patients with pancreatic NET; everolimus in patients with lung NET; everolimus or lutetium Lu 177 dotatate in patients with gastrointestinal NET * Prior treatment (except somatostatin analogs) with biologic therapy, immunotherapy, chemotherapy, investigational agent for malignancy, and/or radiation must be completed at least 28 days prior to registration * Prior treatment with somatostatin analogs is allowed, and continuation of treatment with somatostatin analogs while on cabozantinib/placebo is allowed provided that the patient has been on a stable dose for at least two months * Prior systemic treatment with radionuclide therapy must be completed at least 6 weeks prior to registration * Prior treatment with hepatic artery embolization (including bland embolization, chemoembolization, and selective internal radiation therapy) or ablative therapies is allowed if measurable disease remains outside of the treated area or if there is documented disease progression in a treated site; prior liver-directed or other ablative treatment must be completed at least 28 days prior to registration * Prior treatment with cabozantinib is not allowed * Patients should have resolution of any toxic effects of prior therapy (except alopecia and fatigue) to National Cancer Institute (NCI) CTCAE, version 5.0, grade 1 or less * Patients must have completed any major surgery at least 12 weeks prior to registration and any minor surgery (including uncomplicated tooth extractions) at least 28 days prior to registration; complete wound healing from major surgery must have occurred at least 28 days prior to registration, and complete wound healing from minor surgery must have occurred at least 10 days prior to registration
  • Patient History * No class III or IV congestive heart failure (CHF) within 6 months of registration * No clinically significant cardiac arrhythmia within 6 months of registration * No unstable angina or myocardial infarction (MI) within 6 months of registration * No thromboembolic events within 6 months of registration (including [incl.] stroke, transient ischemic attack [TIA], deep vein thrombosis [DVT], & pulmonary embolism [PE]) * No known history of congenital long QT syndrome * No uncontrolled hypertension within 14 days of registration (defined as systolic blood pressure [SBP] >= 150 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure [DBP] >= 90 mmHg despite optimal medical management) * No clinically significant GI bleeding within 6 months of registration * No clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may increase the risk for gastrointestinal bleeding within 6 months of registration including, but not limited to: active peptic ulcer, known endoluminal metastatic lesion(s) with history of bleeding, inflammatory bowel disease, or other gastrointestinal conditions with increased risk of perforation * No GI perforation within 6 months of registration * No known tumor with invasion into the GI tract from the outside causing increased risk of perforation or bleeding within 28 days of registration * No radiologic or clinical evidence of pancreatitis * No known cavitary lung lesions * No known endobronchial lesions involving the main or lobar bronchi and/or lesions infiltrating major pulmonary vessels that increase the risk of pulmonary hemorrhage; (CT with contrast is recommended to evaluate such lesions) * No hemoptysis greater than 1/2 teaspoon (2.5 mL) or any other signs of pulmonary hemorrhage within the 3 months prior to registration * No known tumor invading or encasing any major blood vessels * No history of non-healing wounds or ulcers within 28 days of registration * No history of fracture within 28 days of registration * No brain metastases or cranial epidural disease unless adequately treated, stable, and off steroid support for at least 4 weeks prior to registration * No known medical condition causing an inability to swallow oral formulations of agents * No history of allergic reaction attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to cabozantinib/placebo * No “currently active” second malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancers or cervical carcinoma in situ; patients are not considered to have a “currently active” malignancy if they have completed therapy and are free of disease for >= 3 years
  • Concomitant Medications * Other planned concurrent investigational agents or other tumor directed therapies (chemotherapy, radiation) are not allowed while on this study * Concurrent use of somatostatin analogs while on cabozantinib/placebo is allowed provided that the patient has been on a stable dose for at least two months * Full dose oral anticoagulation/antiplatelet therapy is not permitted; low dose aspirin =< 81 mg/day is allowed; anticoagulation with therapeutic doses of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) is allowed in patients who are on a stable dose of LMWH for at least 6 weeks prior to registration; treatment with warfarin is not allowed; anticoagulation in patients with brain metastases is not permitted * Chronic concomitant treatment with strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 is not allowed; patients must discontinue the drug at least 14 days prior to registration on the study * Chronic concomitant treatment with strong CYP3A4 inducers is not allowed; patients must discontinue the drug at least 14 days prior to registration on the study
  • Not pregnant and not nursing * Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test done =< 14 days prior to registration * A female of childbearing potential is a sexually mature female who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e. has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months)
  • Age >= 18 years
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status: 0-2
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Prothrombin time (PT)/ international normalized ratio (INR), partial thromboplastin time (PTT) < 1.3 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/ alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3 x ULN
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN * Except in the case of Gilbert disease, in which case total bilirubin must be =< 3 x ULN
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL OR creatinine clearance >= 45 mL/min
  • Albumin >= 2.8 g/dL
  • Potassium within normal limits (WNL) * Supplementation is acceptable to achieve a value WNL; in patients with low albumin levels, a corrected calcium value WNL is acceptable; in patients with abnormal thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), if free T4 is normal and patient is clinically euthyroid, patient is eligible
  • Phosphorus WNL * Supplementation is acceptable to achieve a value WNL; in patients with low albumin levels, a corrected calcium value WNL is acceptable; in patients with abnormal TSH, if free T4 is normal and patient is clinically euthyroid, patient is eligible
  • Calcium WNL * Supplementation is acceptable to achieve a value WNL; in patients with low albumin levels, a corrected calcium value WNL is acceptable; in patients with abnormal TSH, if free T4 is normal and patient is clinically euthyroid, patient is eligible
  • Magnesium WNL * Supplementation is acceptable to achieve a value WNL; in patients with low albumin levels, a corrected calcium value WNL is acceptable; in patients with abnormal TSH, if free T4 is normal and patient is clinically euthyroid, patient is eligible
  • Urine protein to creatinine (UPC) ratio =< 1
  • QT interval corrected for heart rate using Fridericia's formula (QTcF) =< 500 msec
  • TSH WNL * Supplementation is acceptable to achieve a value WNL; in patients with low albumin levels, a corrected calcium value WNL is acceptable; in patients with abnormal TSH, if free T4 is normal and patient is clinically euthyroid, patient is eligible

Exclusion Criterea


Participating Clinics

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada-Horizon Ridge


2460 West Horizon Ridge Parkway
Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Lake Huron Medical Center


2601 Electric Avenue
Port Huron, MI 48060
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Huron Medical Center PC


1214 Richardson Street
Port Huron, MI 48060
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Renown Regional Medical Center


1155 Mill Street
Reno, NV 89502
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Saint Mary's Regional Medical Center


235 West Sixth Street
Reno, NV 89503
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

University Medical Center of Southern Nevada


1800 West Charleston Boulevard
Las Vegas, NV 89102
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

HealthCare Partners Medical Group Oncology/Hematology-Maryland Parkway


3006 South Maryland Parkway
Suite 205 Las Vegas, NV 89109
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada - Central Valley


3730 South Eastern Avenue
Las Vegas, NV 89169
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Cancer and Blood Specialists-Henderson


2460 West Horizon Ridge Parkway
Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada


9280 West Sunset Road
Suite 100 Las Vegas, NV 89148
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Radiation Oncology Associates


6630 B South McCarran
Suite 18 Reno, NV 89509
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Cancer Therapy and Integrative Medicine


3340 Topaz Street
Suite 100 Las Vegas, NV 89121
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Radiation Oncology Centers of Nevada Central


624 South Tonopah Drive
Las Vegas, NV 89106
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada - Northwest


7445 Peak Drive
Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Carson Tahoe Regional Medical Center


1535 Medical Parkway
Pharmacy Suite C Carson City, NV 89703
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada - Henderson


10001 South Eastern Avenue
Suite 108 Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

HealthCare Partners Medical Group Oncology/Hematology-Tenaya


2851 North Tenaya Way
Suite 101 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

GenesisCare USA - Las Vegas


3006 South Maryland Parkway
Suite 100 Las Vegas, NV 89109
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

GenesisCare USA - Henderson


52 North Pecos Road
Henderson, NV 89074
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Cancer Center-Henderson


2904 West Horizon Ridge Parkway
Suite 200 Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada-Southeast Henderson


1505 Wigwam Parkway
Suite 130 Henderson, NV 89074
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Cancer Center-Medical Center


6450 Medical Center Street
Las Vegas, NV 89148-2405
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Radiation Oncology Centers of Nevada Southeast


3980 South Eastern Avenue
Las Vegas, NV 89119
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

GenesisCare USA - Fort Apache


6160 South Fort Apache Road
Las Vegas, NV 89148
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

GenesisCare USA - Vegas Tenaya


2851 North Tenaya Way
Suite 100 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Cancer and Blood Specialists-Shadow


701 Shadow Lane
Suite 300 Las Vegas, NV 89106
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

OptumCare Cancer Care at Fort Apache


6190 South Fort Apache Road
Las Vegas, NV 89148
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

HealthCare Partners Medical Group Oncology/Hematology-San Martin


8285 West Arby Avenue
Suite 100 Las Vegas, NV 89113
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

HealthCare Partners Medical Group Oncology/Hematology-Centennial Hills


6850 North Durango Drive
Suite 120 Las Vegas, NV 89149
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada-Summerlin


655 North Town Center Drive
Las Vegas, NV 89144
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Summerlin Hospital Medical Center


657 Town Center Drive
Las Vegas, NV 89144
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Cancer and Blood Specialists-Tenaya


3150 North Tenaya Way
Suite 430 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Ann M Wierman MD LTD


3150 Tenaya Way
Suite 200 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

OptumCare Cancer Care at MountainView


3150 North Tenaya Way
Suite 510 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

University Cancer Center


3131 La Canada Street
Suite 231 Las Vegas, NV 89169
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Hope Cancer Care of Nevada


6827 West Tropicana Avenue
Suite 110 Las Vegas, NV 89103
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

OptumCare Cancer Care at Charleston


2300 West Charleston Boulevard
Las Vegas, NV 89102
Map

702-384-0013

Desert West Surgery


1111 Shadow Lane
Las Vegas, NV 89102
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Hope Cancer Care of Nevada-Pahrump


2340 East Calvada Boulevard
Suite 7 Pahrump, NV 89048
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

OptumCare Cancer Care at Seven Hills


3175 Saint Rose Parkway
Suite 200 Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

PCR Oncology


584 Camino Mercado
Arroyo Grande, CA 93420
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Kingman Regional Medical Center


3269 Stockton Hill Road
Kingman, AZ 86401
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org