NCI ID NCI-2014-02674
NCT ID NCT02339571
CTEP ID EA6141
Primary Purpose TREATMENT
Anatomic Sites Melanoma, Skin
Minimum Age 18 Years
Maximum Age 999 Years
Gender BOTH
Lead Org ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
Principal Investigator Frank Stephen Hodi
NCI Site View on ClinicalTrials.gov

A Phase II/III Trial of Nivolumab, Ipilimumab, and GM-CSF in Patients with Advanced Melanoma

This phase II/III trial studies the side effects of nivolumab and ipilimumab when given together with or without sargramostim and to see how well they work in treating patients with stage III-IV melanoma that cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as ipilimumab and nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Colony-stimulating factors, such as sargramostim, may increase the production of white blood cells. It is not yet known whether nivolumab and ipilimumab are more effective with or without sargramostim in treating patients with melanoma.

Eligibility

Inclusion Criterea

  • All patients must be >= 18 years of age
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status: 0 or 1
  • Patients must have known BRAF mutational status of tumor; wild-type (WT) or mutated, prior to randomization
  • Patients must have unresectable stage III or stage IV melanoma according to American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) version (v)7; patients must have histological or cytological confirmation of melanoma that is metastatic or unresectable and clearly progressive
  • Patients must have measurable disease per RECIST 1.1 criteria; all sites of disease must be evaluated within 4 weeks prior to randomization
  • Patients may have had prior systemic therapy in the adjuvant setting (e.g. interferon, BRAF, or MEK agents). Patients may have had prior anti-CTLA-4 in the adjuvant setting, if at least one year from last dose of treatment has passed prior to beginning treatment. Patients may have had any prior programmed cell death (PD)-1/PD-ligand (PD-L)1 agent in the adjuvant setting, if at least one year from last dose of treatment has passed prior to beginning treatment
  • Patients must have discontinued chemotherapy, immunotherapy or other investigational agents used in the adjuvant setting >= 4 weeks prior to randomization and recovered from adverse events due to those agents; mitomycin and nitrosoureas must have been discontinued at least 6 weeks prior to entering the study; patients must have discontinued radiation therapy >= 2 weeks prior to entering the study and recovered from any adverse events associated with treatment; prior surgery must be >= 4 weeks from randomization and patients must be fully recovered from post-surgical complications
  • White blood count >= 3,000/uL (obtained within 4 weeks prior to randomization)
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/uL (obtained within 4 weeks prior to randomization)
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/uL (obtained within 4 weeks prior to randomization)
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (obtained within 4 weeks prior to randomization)
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or serum creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 40 ml/min (obtained within 4 weeks prior to randomization)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3 x ULN (=< 5 x ULN for patients with documented liver metastases) (obtained within 4 weeks prior to randomization)
  • Alkaline phosphatase =< 2 x ULN (=< 5 x ULN for patients with known liver involvement and =< 7 x ULN for patients with known bone involvement) (obtained within 4 weeks prior to randomization)
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN except subjects with normal direct bilirubin or those with known Gilbert’s syndrome (obtained within 4 weeks prior to randomization)
  • Serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) =< 10 X ULN (obtained within 4 weeks prior to randomization)
  • Patients with autoimmune hypothyroid disease or type I diabetes on replacement treatment are eligible

Exclusion Criterea

  • Patients must not be pregnant or breast-feeding due to use of cytotoxic immunotherapy and risk of teratogenic side effects; all patients of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 2 weeks prior to randomization to rule out pregnancy; a patient of childbearing potential is anyone, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)
  • Patients must not conceive or father children by using accepted and effective method(s) of contraception or by abstaining from sexual intercourse from the time of study registration and continuing (for patients of child bearing potential) for at least 5 months after the last dose of protocol treatment; patients of childbearing potential must also not donate eggs during this same time period
  • Patients may not have had any prior ipilimumab and/or anti-PD-1/PD-L1 agent in the metastatic setting
  • Patients must not receive any other investigational agents while on study or within four weeks prior to randomization
  • Patient must not have received any live vaccine within 30 days prior to randomization, while participating in the study, and for 4 weeks (28 days) after the last dose of protocol treatment; live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, yellow fever, rabies, bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), and typhoid (oral) vaccine' patients are permitted to receive inactivated vaccines and any non-live vaccines including those for the seasonal influenza and coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) (Note: intranasal influenza vaccines, such as Flu-Mist are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed); if possible, it is recommended to separate study drug administration from vaccine administration by about a week (primarily, in order to minimize an overlap of adverse events)
  • Patients are ineligible if they have any currently active central nervous system (CNS) metastases; patients who have treated brain metastases (with either surgical resection or stereotactic radiosurgery) that have been stable on head magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or contrast computed tomography (CT) scan for at least 4 weeks following treatment and within 4 weeks prior to randomization are eligible; patients must not have taken any steroids =< 14 days prior to randomization for the purpose of managing their brain metastases; patients with only whole brain irradiation for treatment of CNS metastases will be ineligible
  • Patients must not have other current malignancies, other than basal cell skin cancer, squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, ductal or lobular carcinoma in situ of the breast; patients with other malignancies are eligible if they have been continuously disease-free for > 3 years prior to the time of randomization
  • Patients must not have any serious or unstable pre-existing medical conditions (aside from malignancy exceptions specified above), including but not limited to, ongoing or active infection requiring parenteral antibiotics on day 1, history of bleeding diathesis or need for concurrent anticoagulation (international normalized ratio [INR] =< 1.5 and partial thromboplastin time [PTT] within 1.1 x ULN), or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements, interfere with subject’s safety, or obtaining informed consent
  • Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are ineligible; due to the mechanism of action of ipilimumab and GM-CSF, activity and side effects in an immune compromised patient are unknown
  • Patients with evidence of active hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are not eligible; patients with cleared HBV and HCV (0 viral load) infection will be allowed
  • Patients must not have autoimmune disorders or conditions of immunosuppression that require current ongoing treatment with systemic corticosteroids (or other systemic immunosuppressants), including oral steroids (e.g., prednisone, dexamethasone) or continuous use of topical steroid creams or ointments or ophthalmologic steroids; a history of occasional (but not continuous) use of steroid inhalers is allowed; replacement doses of steroids for patients with adrenal insufficiency are allowed; patients who discontinue use of these classes of medication for at least 2 weeks prior to randomization are eligible if, in the judgment of the treating physician investigator, the patient is not likely to require resumption of treatment with these classes of drugs during the study
  • Exclusion from this study also includes patients with a history of symptomatic autoimmune disease (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, systemic progressive sclerosis [scleroderma], systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjogren's syndrome, autoimmune vasculitis [e.g., Wegener’s granulomatosis]); motor neuropathy considered of autoimmune origin (e.g., Guillain-Barre syndrome and myasthenia gravis); other CNS autoimmune disease (e.g., multiple sclerosis)
  • Patients must not have a history of inflammatory bowel disease or diverticulitis (history of diverticulosis is allowed)
  • Patients must not have other significant medical, surgical, or psychiatric conditions or require any medication or treatment that in the opinion of the investigator may interfere with compliance, make the administration of the study drugs hazardous or obscure the interpretation of adverse events (AEs), such as a condition associated with frequent diarrhea; patients must not have an active infection requiring current treatment with parenteral antibiotics

Participating Clinics

North Star Lodge Cancer Center at Yakima Valley Memorial Hospital


808 North 39th Avenue
Yakima, WA 98902
Map

509-574-3535
Memorial-ClinicalTrials@yvmh.org

OptumCare Cancer Care at Seven Hills


3175 Saint Rose Parkway
Suite 200 Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Renown Regional Medical Center


1155 Mill Street
Reno, NV 89502
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Saint Mary's Regional Medical Center


235 West Sixth Street
Reno, NV 89503
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

University Medical Center of Southern Nevada


1800 West Charleston Boulevard
Las Vegas, NV 89102
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

HealthCare Partners Medical Group Oncology/Hematology-Maryland Parkway


3006 South Maryland Parkway
Suite 205 Las Vegas, NV 89109
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada - Central Valley


3730 South Eastern Avenue
Las Vegas, NV 89169
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Cancer and Blood Specialists-Henderson


2460 West Horizon Ridge Parkway
Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Alliance for Childhood Diseases/Cure 4 the Kids Foundation


One Breakthrough Way
Las Vegas, NV 89135
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada


9280 West Sunset Road
Suite 100 Las Vegas, NV 89148
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Radiation Oncology Associates


6630 B South McCarran
Suite 18 Reno, NV 89509
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Radiation Oncology Centers of Nevada Central


624 South Tonopah Drive
Las Vegas, NV 89106
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada - Northwest


7445 Peak Drive
Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Carson Tahoe Regional Medical Center


1535 Medical Parkway
Pharmacy Suite C Carson City, NV 89703
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada - Henderson


10001 South Eastern Avenue
Suite 108 Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Summerlin Hospital Medical Center


657 Town Center Drive
Las Vegas, NV 89144
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

HealthCare Partners Medical Group Oncology/Hematology-Tenaya


2851 North Tenaya Way
Suite 101 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

GenesisCare USA - Las Vegas


3006 South Maryland Parkway
Suite 100 Las Vegas, NV 89109
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

GenesisCare USA - Henderson


52 North Pecos Road
Henderson, NV 89074
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

OptumCare Cancer Care at MountainView


3150 North Tenaya Way
Suite 510 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Cancer Center-Henderson


2904 West Horizon Ridge Parkway
Suite 200 Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada-Southeast Henderson


1505 Wigwam Parkway
Suite 130 Henderson, NV 89074
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada-Horizon Ridge


2460 West Horizon Ridge Parkway
Henderson, NV 89052
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Ann M Wierman MD LTD


3150 Tenaya Way
Suite 200 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Cancer and Blood Specialists-Tenaya


3150 North Tenaya Way
Suite 430 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada-Summerlin


655 North Town Center Drive
Las Vegas, NV 89144
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

University Cancer Center


3131 La Canada Street
Suite 231 Las Vegas, NV 89169
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Hope Cancer Care of Nevada


6827 West Tropicana Avenue
Suite 110 Las Vegas, NV 89103
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

OptumCare Cancer Care at Charleston


2300 West Charleston Boulevard
Las Vegas, NV 89102
Map

702-384-0013

Desert West Surgery


1111 Shadow Lane
Las Vegas, NV 89102
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Hope Cancer Care of Nevada-Pahrump


2340 East Calvada Boulevard
Suite 7 Pahrump, NV 89048
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center


3186 South Maryland Parkway
Las Vegas, NV 89109
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Radiation Oncology Centers of Nevada Southeast


3980 South Eastern Avenue
Las Vegas, NV 89119
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

GenesisCare USA - Fort Apache


6160 South Fort Apache Road
Las Vegas, NV 89148
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

GenesisCare USA - Vegas Tenaya


2851 North Tenaya Way
Suite 100 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Cancer and Blood Specialists-Shadow


701 Shadow Lane
Suite 300 Las Vegas, NV 89106
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

OptumCare Cancer Care at Fort Apache


6190 South Fort Apache Road
Las Vegas, NV 89148
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

HealthCare Partners Medical Group Oncology/Hematology-San Martin


8285 West Arby Avenue
Suite 100 Las Vegas, NV 89113
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

HealthCare Partners Medical Group Oncology/Hematology-Centennial Hills


6850 North Durango Drive
Suite 120 Las Vegas, NV 89149
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Cancer Center-Medical Center


6450 Medical Center Street
Las Vegas, NV 89148-2405
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

PCR Oncology


584 Camino Mercado
Arroyo Grande, CA 93420
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Kingman Regional Medical Center


3269 Stockton Hill Road
Kingman, AZ 86401
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada - Town Center


653 North Town Center Drive
Suite 402 Las Vegas, NV 89144
Map

702-384-0013
research@sncrf.org

Urology Specialists of Nevada - Southwest


8410 West Warm Springs Road
Suite 10 Las Vegas, NV 89113
Map


research@sncrf.org

Urology Specialists of Nevada - Central


2010 Wellness Way
Suite 200 Las Vegas, NV 89106
Map


research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Urology - Sunset


7150 West Sunset Road
Suite 201A and 202B Las Vegas, NV 89113
Map


research@sncrf.org

Urology Specialists of Nevada - Green Valley


58 North Pecos Road
Henderson, NV 89074
Map


research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Urology - Green Valley


1701 North Green Valley Parkway
Suite 10C Henderson, NV 89074
Map


research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Urology - Pecos


9053 South Pecos Road
Suite 2900 Las Vegas, NV 89074
Map


research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Urology - Cathedral Rock


7200 Cathedral Rock Drive
Suites 180 and 210 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map


research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Urology - Pebble


8915 South Pecos Road
Suite 19A Henderson, NV 89074
Map


research@sncrf.org

Urology Specialists of Nevada - Northwest


3150 North Tenaya Way
Suite 165 Las Vegas, NV 89128
Map


research@sncrf.org

Las Vegas Prostate Cancer Center


7150 West Sunset Road
Suite 100 Las Vegas, NV 89113
Map


research@sncrf.org

Valley Medical Center


400 South 43rd Street
Renton, WA 98055
Map

425-228-3440
research@valleymed.org